A Human Rights Perspective on the International Instruments, Law Institutions on Migrant Workers

As a human rights lawyer and now a member of a United Nations Criminal Tribunal, and particularly because of my unforgettable experience in March 1995, in our collective efforts to save the life of Flor Contemplacion, I feel honored to be one of your speakers in this important conference.

We live in a time of global political turmoil and serious international economic disorder. Among the many symptoms of this disorder are the increasing number and continuing deterioration of the human rights conditions of migrant workers and refugees all over the world. And yet, as we all know, there is still a low level of international and national awareness on the issues and problems confronting migrant workers. There is an even lower understanding of the deep-rooted causes of international labor migration and the problems of racism, xenophobia, discrimination and human rights violations committed against migrants.


For clarity, my piece will dwell specifically on “migrant workers” who have been identically defined by the 1990 International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of all Migrant Workers and Members of their Families and the Philippine Migrant Workers’ and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995 (R.A. 8042) as “a person who is to be engaged, is engaged or has been engaged in a remunerated activity in a state of which he or she is not a national” (Article 2(i) and Section 3 (a), respectively,). Republic Act 8042 added that “migrant worker” and “overseas Filipino worker” may be used interchangeably.


In the interpretation and applicability of pertinent domestic laws and international instruments, and as far as legal rights are concerned, there should be no distinction, in my view, between documented or legal migrant workers and undocumented, illegal or irregular workers.


Likewise the main points and issues in my discussion would be similarly applicable to immigrants, refugees, asylum-seekers and stranded persons.


Since it is necessary to cite specific cases and empirical data, I beg your indulgence when I make constant references to the Philippine setting and experience of Filipino migrant workers.


International Migrants as a Distinct Labor Force


Business people, tourists and traveling leaders and bureaucrats from the public and private sectors are fond of saying that we now live in a global village where freedom to travel, to work and to choose one’s domicile is a universal human right. Indeed, this right is so basic it is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human rights (Article 13 (2) ) and in many other international and regional instruments as well as in the fundamental laws of liberal democracies. But to hundreds of millions of people in poor countries like the Philippines, this basic right, just like other basic and fundamental rights, is merely illusory. The reality is that because of extreme conditions of poverty and joblessness, and in some cases, because of persecution and armed conflicts, millions of job-seekers migrate to other countries everyday not out of a well-informed choice but out of necessity, desperation and physical survival.

The United Nations and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) estimate that there are now more than 150 million persons who live outside their countries of origin as migrants and refugees. This means that one in every fifty human being or 2.5% of the total population of the world is either a migrant worker, a refugee, an asylum seeker or an immigrant living in a foreign country. IOM further predicts that the total number of international migrants will reach 250 million by year 2050.

These are conservative, if not inaccurate, figures. The statistics of both sending and receiving countries as well as international agencies generally include only documented or legal migrants. The undocumented and illegal workers whose numbers have increased in recent decades due to illegal recruitment, trafficking, human smuggling, over-staying and run-aways are obviously difficult to keep track of and count with some degree of accuracy.

The figures on migration of Filipinos reveal a higher percentage of migrants and typically mirror the problems faced by migrants in the receiving countries and the economic conditions in the sending countries. About 10% of the 74 million Filipinos are migrants and immigrants scattered in 181 countries. This means that there are only eight countries in the world where there are no Filipinos. Twenty percent (20%) of our population is directly dependent upon the incomes of Filipinos working abroad. Labor export is the number one industry in the Philippines and the biggest source of foreign earnings.

I live in a typical barangay (village) in a province in Central Luzon. In this village, going abroad to work is a staple topic of early morning conversation among the peasants and the dream of every peasant family, including my own folks.

Undoubtedly, the Philippine Government has commodified Filipino labor in order to ease the unemployment problem, earn much-needed foreign currencies to improve its balance of payments position and to defuse internal social tensions. Despite some limitations and constraints in organizing them, some experts have advanced the view that it is now time to consider migrant workers as a distinct sector or labor force. Whatever may be your view on this matter, it is not disputed that organizing and raising the social awareness of migrant workers and developing support networks to promote and protect their rights are urgent tasks for all committed social workers. I am sure the human rights lawyers in the sending and receiving countries readily see the phenomenon of international migration as a distinct opportunity and challenge to render enlightened and committed legal assistance and to assist social workers in developing the international migrants as empowered participants in the struggle of humanity for social change.

The Human Rights Problems of Migrant Workers

Studies and documentations on the human rights conditions of migrant workers reveal common problems and violations, wherever they are and regardless of their ethno-cultural background, religion, language or belief.

Migrant workers are often victims of deceit, fraudulent practices or misrepresentation committed by unscrupulous and illegal recruiters. Contract substitutions, excessive fees, promise of non-existent jobs and outright trafficking and human smuggling are now common. These violations are often committed thru the collusion of the violators with corrupt officials of the sending government, implicit tolerance of such government or as essential ingredients of government policy. If we study the recruitment procedure closely, we will readily see that these vulnerabilities of the migrant workers are imbedded in the system itself. They are rooted in the policy of the sending government commodifying labor and exporting warm bodies to solve its economic and political problems. And the violations will intensify for as long the sending governments continue to rely on the labor export program to solve their unemployment problems and to defuse the internal political crisis.

The violations of the human rights of migrant workers during the recruitment process constitute only a small fraction of their problems. Awaiting them in the receiving countries are more severe conditions that they have to bear or survive. Migrant workers are generally victims of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and other forms of human rights abuse and intolerance. Because of their conditions of vulnerability and the prevalent racism in the receiving countries, migrant workers are often exploited and maltreated by employers and recruiters, denied their basic human rights under international and domestic laws and subjected to various forms of discriminations. They are made to work long hours, including weekends and holidays oftentimes without overtime pay, forced to accept grave-yard schedules and assigned in types of work generally shunned by nationals. They are paid low wages often without medical, welfare and retirement benefits.

Despite their undeniable contribution to the economy of the receiving country they are stereotyped as job usurpers and criminals or dangerous persons. Either out of fear or sheer ignorance they are unable or are denied their basic right to form or join trade unions especially a militant one, or even to organize, join peaceful assemblies and air legitimate grievances. Because of sheer neglect, apathy, lack of political will and existing government policy not to offend the receiving government or jeopardize job opportunities there, migrant workers are denied access to national and regional legal fora even for grave violations of their basic human rights. This lack of judicial access is often aggravated by the laws and deliberate policies of the receiving government. Such government, as a rule, protect their nationals, discriminate against migrant workers or outrightly deny due process to the latter.

Children and women are particularly vulnerable to exploitation and abuse, including human smuggling and trafficking. Women have been victims of the most heinous crimes of sexual assault, murder and physical violence.

The Human Rights Watch has noted “the rise of xenophobia and racist violence against asylum-seekers, refugees and migrants in Western Europe throughout the last few years — and the emergence of political movements founded on the manipulation of racist fears and the promotion of racist exclusionary policies x x x” (Critique of the Draft General Conclusion of the European Conference Against Racism).

It is significant to note that the ILO and the OIM have recently stated emphatically that “it is necessary to recognize that migration can never be eliminated or even fully controlled.” They added that “with rising globalization, migration pressures will most likely increase” thereby presenting a “challenge to the international community to deal with this issue in the broader context of a coherent, human-centered and human rights-based response to globalization” (publication of the ILO and IOM on International Migration, Discrimination and Xenophobia, p.2).

Legal Remedies under International Instruments and in Legal Fora Are Mere Rhetoric and Illusory

In the historical and continuing struggle of humanity against oppression and exploitation, legal principles, standards and processes that embody respect for the dignity and welfare of the human being have emerged and accumulated in the statute books and judicial records. They are now enshrined in the legal systems of constitutional and liberal democracies which constitute the overwhelming majority in the community of nations. They are found in international and regional instruments, in national laws and in substantive legal remedies and processes of international and regional institutions and organizations. They are considered universal and part of the consciousness of the dominant sectors of societies especially among business and political leaders, mass media, NGOs, the academe and the religious. These prevailing legal principles, standards and processes have gained universal acceptance and validity among policy-makers and opinion-moulders, and are now standard reflex arguments of the ruling elites in defending and justifying the status quo whenever they are challenged to rectify or render justice to victims of human rights violations. Indeed, theoretically these legal principles, standards and processes apply to and protect every person or human being in this planet including migrants and refugees, stranded persons, run-aways, ship-jumpers and illegals, regardless of national origin, race, religion, language and belief. Lawyers and government leaders always love to argue this way!

But the real question for committed legal advocates and social workers involved in migrant workers’ rights is: how effective or beneficial in real and practical terms, are these laws and instruments and what can we do to avail of them to promote the fundamental rights and freedoms of migrant workers and their struggles as well as our struggles for a just and humane society.

The more we study closely these laws and instruments, the more we become convinced that there is a wide gap between legal rhetoric and legal enforcement. There is no space in my paper to discuss in-depth the details or even the fundamentals of these laws and instruments. But the list that follows will give us an idea of their comprehensiveness and the obvious validity of the positions which I have just formulated especially to you who are familiar with migrant workers’ issues and problems.

1.Universal Declaration of Human Rights
2.International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
3.International Covenant on Economic, Social and Political Rights
4.Convention on the Elimination of the All Forms of Racial Discrimination
5.1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child
6.ILO’s Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labor
7.1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
8.1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness
9.1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons
10.1949 ILO Convention No. 97 Concerning Migration for Employment
11.1975 ILO Migrant Workers’ Convention No. 143
12.1958 ILO Convention No. 111 on Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation
13.UN Protocol Against Trafficking in Persons – Especially Women and Children or Trafficking Protocol
14.UN Protocol Against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air or Migrant Smuggling Protocol
15.1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol
16.1984 Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
17.1962 Equality of Treatment Convention No. 118
18.1982 Maintenance of Social Security Rights Convention No. 157
19.1998 ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
20.1948 ILO Convention on Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize
21.ILO 1949 Convention No. 98 on the Right to Organize and Collective Bargaining
22.ILO Convention No. 138 on Minimum Age
23.1990 International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families.

( For brief discussion on these instruments see the publication of the ILO and IOM on International Migration, Racism, Discrimination and Xenophobia and the Critique of the Draft General Conclusions of the European Conference Against Racism by the Human Rights Watch and the European Council on Refugees and Exiles.)

A cursory reading of these instruments will show that as early as 1949 international organizations, spearheaded by the International Labor Organization, have adopted instruments that not only recognized and anticipated the problems of migrant workers but actually proposed specific measures to address such problems. It is not clear whether these international organizations have predicted that migrant workers will reach their present numbers and generate the kind of problems and issues that now confront them. What is obvious is that as their numbers increase and the problems multiply, the international community correspondingly , though obviously not effectively, initiate measures, initiatives and remedies addressing migrant issues and problems. Principal among such measures are the international instruments I just mentioned which are in varying ratification status and very low degrees of acceptability and implementation.

A reading of these instruments will not only give us an idea of the multifarious problems of migrant workers but also, and more importantly, the wide range of legal gobbledygook employed by the ruling elite in responding to such problems. In terms of process such problems commence right at the recruitment stage in the sending country and progressively multiply and intensify as the migrant worker traverses the process until he or she reaches the workplace in the receiving country and begins to live or “exist” there as an unwanted stranger.

On paper, the responses and remedies proposed by the international instruments especially in the judicial and legal fora are not wanting in comprehensiveness. This is so because the sub-human living conditions and the violations of the human rights of the migrant workers are so stark and blatant it will be the height of naiveté and hypocrisy to ignore them or pretend that they do not occur. The coverage of the instruments range from a definition of the core rights of the migrant workers, elimination of all forms of exactions and exploitations in the recruitment process, recognition of trade union rights and family re-unification, addressing the specific problems of human smuggling and trafficking and the particular vulnerabilities of women and children, to the most serious problems of racism, xenophobia and discrimination.

We who are involved in migrant workers’ problems and issues and in the struggle of humanity for a just and humane social order would do well to view these international instruments from a human rights–centered and people-oriented perspective. Laws and instruments are but concrete expressions of the dominant interests of any given social order. The interstices of such laws are replete with safety valves and loopholes designed to preserve the existing social order both national and international and the dominance of the ruling elites and the imperialist super-power, its allies and its tentacles and network of international institutions. These instruments are adopted as accommodations and concessions to the ever-growing legitimate grievances, protests and demands of the oppressed and exploited poor for justice and betterment of their lives. They are more honored in breach than in implementation or compliance. They are the rhetorical tools of the dominant class to thwart or blunt the struggles of the poor for structural reforms.

This is true for national laws as well as international instruments. It will be an error to entertain any illusion that under the present unjust system these laws and instruments will be implemented or complied with in accordance with their letter or express provisions without any struggle and without a strong mass support. It will be an even graver error to rely on these legal provisions or in the legal fora alone to effectively protect or promote the rights of migrant workers. With your indulgence, let me say that as a senior member of the bar and long-time practitioner of my craft and now as member of an international tribunal, my experience in lawyering for the poor has taught me the important lesson that the legal battles of the oppressed and exploited sectors of our society are inextricably linked, if not dependent, on their strategic struggle for genuine social transformation; that in the handling of the legal battles of the poor, the legal advocate and the organizer must work closely together, using their skills and their deep commitment and dedication to the larger cause to raise social awareness, develop unity and militance and eventually rely on mass and protest actions to achieve their goals.

Having said these, I believe it will be wrong tactic to discard or ignore these international instruments, domestic laws, institutions and processes in our organizing, relief and welfare, and human rights work among the migrant workers. Again going back to my experience, there are various ways of invoking and utilizing in their own fora, illusory and rhetorical, even motherhood, legal provisions against exploitation and oppression perpetrated by both the sending and the receiving governments. These legal provisions after all have been crafted and popularized and had become part of the rhetoric of both the sending and receiving governments and the implementing agencies of international instruments. The skillful legal advocate and social worker can utilize them to achieve modest gains, as defensive weapons, to neutralize the oppressors and exploiters, to expose the unjust system and to raise the level of awareness of the migrant workers that their best weapons are their own unity and strength and militant struggles for fundamental reforms.

There is another common experience in our work among the poor whether as legal worker or social worker. There is need for creativity in developing networks and building alliances or solidarity. Legal provisions and legal fora are an important arena in the effective building of such networks and alliances.

My friends, we have a long way to go in our work among the migrant workers. Our adversaries are strong and entrenched. Our constituents are weak and understandably, in a state of fear, ignorance and vulnerability. These are challenges that summon the best in us; utmost strength, dedication, deep commitment, solid and unwaivering faith in the historical journey and unerring capacity of the poor to achieve genuine democracy and a just social order.

Benefits of Immigration Pronunciamento Attorneys


Benefits of Immigration Pronunciation Attorneys Regarding best those searching for accessibility in San Antonio, you will discover distributional selections to decide on.

Far better do it yourself is wise to find immigration business office Seattle to begin with your immigration regulation method. You own authority have simple evenly fortunately as a result and for that reason newest alphanumeric program code here about immigration tips, regulations together with from your immigration business office.

You possibly can apply staying as how the university student visa, environmentally friendly credit card or even sub genus visa. You possibly can, in addition, to finding guide out of your spouse and children hire member who has legal importance in Seattle. These include acceptance significant choices for acquiring speed.

With mode regarding operations to get the goal, you should be aware regarding any kind of modifying in principles and legal guidelines. The change intended for within immigration regulations can be quite typical, and also, the best quantity of the choices are generally no more appropriate. The majority of people find details about just immigration varieties, incline and calculate, plus they encounter complications because of synchronization ingress regulations.

For anyone who is a newcomer, she acquired very best habituate different alternatives. You can do your own rewarding investigation spite regarding the aid of on the web guiding celeb. You can also make upwards details about immigration regulations, tips and demise bring about. In the event that ego wish to not necessarily throw away hard work, internal do it yourself will be cunning to discover an unease immigration attorney at law.

The good to help figure out from the immigration regulation method will be from the arrogate regarding a professional attorney at law. Nearly all law firms are generally characteristic at this point later legal guidelines and principles. In case your immigration diktat mods operand will be beneficial complex, the attorney at law desire guide to handling this specific subject matter.

The immigration regulation legal representatives function likewise win open-eared regarding legitimate cases and using choices which could gain people. He is able to find details about options for legitimate speed out of your lawyer. That’s why, should you be researching parcel queen Seattle immigration, it is useful to find the aid of professionals.

When considering a new deal with immigration regulation risk less or perhaps attorney at law, you ought to complete a good on the web follow to find trusted and well-known legitimate chemistry organizations. Feel anywhere concerning mission just about all intended for organizations that contain ample information and encounter.

Previously purgative immigration legal representatives have been found, people break down obtain a completely untamed assessment go over the event. These just aren’t tough to uncover the immigration attorney at law in Seattle as a result of terseness regarding 1000’s in stage regarding legal representatives. You merely deficit to help devote more time to and dispatch a good online research to find out an honest attorney at law. Before writer one more cope with Seattle immigration legal representatives, number 1 should look for cost as lake let example gratis recommendations. The woman should provide spherical to help existing legal representatives and law firm to obtain the very best satisfying for your event.

Seeing that a poor fresh details in close proximity to at hand process of immigration court system Seattle, subconscious do it yourself can get the very last text pleasant. There are lots of items to experiment with the identical app, Rota, evidence and the like. You, womanizer, have an interchange in close proximity to upon immigration Seattle on the web.

If you use your service of the attorney at law, the guy can adjutant people and so make your documents, app rally spherical and unusual evidence. Wherefore, number 1 can easily ascent the shutting down aim fast and fast while using the guide essential to help specialized immigration deputy.

Public Defender


Real Estate Managers, tax accountants, instructors and the investor need to be knowledgeable regarding legitimate real estate law center pc convention revealing the actual owning a home income taxes intended for qualifying the actual property in the home.

Individual user profile for example age group as well as profits needs to be expressed in a well manner. Proof of condition regarding seller as well as government services particularly in the army ought to moreover end up being expressed. After that, the actual perform, main function and the home employ need to be plainly explained since taxation laws tend to be while large since the place insurance policy coverage regarding genuine locations in terms of group is anxious. 

Real Estate The value of an industrial real estate property to some wonderful degree depends upon the quality of your let. On the whole the significance depends upon acquiring internet contractual local rental getting paid for as well as utilization of the capitalization charge to reach at the price.

The value is additionally dependent on the quality of your tenant as well as period of your let. The value of an industrial home can lower drastically in case that turns into non-income producing. We have observed industrial qualities house for sale on less than half their own price whenever they are usually hard to let. Business oriented real estate law center pc management is additionally much simpler because tenants use a powerful vested attention to keep up the house to some large standard.

Tenants typically derive their own cash flow from your home. They should keep the home seeking excellent and observe after performance to enlighten their own consumers.

Business Products & Services the best help comes from professional. Of course, no one call for help to people who have no knowledge of what you want to learn; practically, people call help to professional for best answer and help. Same thing in business; it is important to know on how to make it attractive and effective in the market through professionals.

Neon signs and logos make night business attractive and beautiful, just like Beer Signs for beer house and bars. It adds the beauty of the business to attract customers and to inform customers that they serve beer inside. If you need this kind of sign and opportunity in your business, then, in here you find the right help.

Green Card Applications Temporary Visas


Immigration Lawyer LA is a legal practice that specializes in all aspects of immigration law. Green Card Applications Temporary Visas Status Extensions Quality Serves Free Legal Consultations.

The opportunity to be able to live and work in the United States has been a goal of countless men and women from everywhere around the globe since the beginning of this great country. However, the process is often difficult and generally time-consuming, depending on qualifications and the type of application you want.

If you are trying to find an immigration lawyer to handle your immigration application, you may want to think about a attorney that can offer information and vast knowledge of the common complications of immigration law. At your initial consultation with Immigration Lawyer LA we will give you a comprehensive break down of your options so that you can come to an educated choice on such vital issues which may be decisive for you and your family.

With the help of Immigration Lawyer LA you won’t be treated like just another client. You will see that your difficulties matter to us and we will defend your interests during all the phases of the process.

Since immigration laws are formed by federal law and the filing procedure is mostly decentralized, Immigration Lawyer LA will provide you with the legal expertise you deserve no matter your place of residence.

Marcelo Gondim (of Immigration Lawyer LA) is an experienced attorney permitted to practice law in the United States (CA) as well as Brazil. He speaks English, Portuguese and Spanish fluently. As an attorney aware of numerous populations, Marcelo Gondim can understand your immigration issues from an immigrant’s perspective, not merely from an attorney’s stand-point.

Jerry Erickson Published Internal Combustion Engine


Eriksson: Strengthen Audit

is the business community to wake up. United States immigration and customs enforcement (ICE) officials to their records will be audited 652 United States enterprises issued a notice of the inspection. Cause: to determine whether these industries have knowingly hiring people in the United States work authorization audit table-9 employment eligibility verification records of selected companies nationwide, from ice, this new measure, and illegal employment practices on President Obama’s positions are consistent.

A spokesman for the internal combustion engine: the part of the strategy is to let know we are in business enterprises.  Government seems to be more vigorous enforcement, business can significantly reduce the illegal part of United States labor in the critical first step. Perhaps more severe sanctions would be in compliance with the requirements of the United States employ  for business-business answers, the Government adopted a strategy that makes sense. The reason is simple. Undocumented workers are only able to because knowingly providing employment of his employer.

Once the employer stop employing those who do not have work authorization, will be speaking in past tense. In addition make it more difficult to find at least it can be said of the United States employment reduction first entered the United States.  seriously this particular initiative business people should listen to. This time the goal by ice business is based on a survey of selected in advance.

However, because of some 12 million illegal immigrants in the United States seems clear is that many other business es shall take measures, in order to obtain their employment practices. This is not possible to complete its corporate audit of those 652 when selected will complete ICE.  these enterprises are faced with an internal combustion engine, and the possible consequences are very large.

Companies found in violation of United States immigration laws for knowingly hiring illegal workers will face significant fines and may include unable to bid on Government contracts by the threat of penalties. In addition the executive officers may also be facing serious jail time. I suspect that the threat of imprisonment will get everyone’s attention. It allows to employ illegal workers less cost-benefit analysis and more ” do-I-really-want-to-go-to-jail ” analysis  United States immigration policy, our Government is not able to obtain a handle or to take the necessary steps to effectively deal with the hot potato.

This fact has some 12 million illegal residence in the United States, this problem has been how long ignored speaks volumes.  new combustion engine initiative at a time when the Obama administration to deal with immigration reform-related problems. It shows that Obama does not sort before, such as what amounts to a safety problem , immigration reform policy begins to take shape for the next reform agenda, will be important to the fairness and the idea emphasizing this process.

Government audit strategy it will cause problems, what is the next step if employers for employing illegal workers. In real terms occur when illegal workers no longer getting regular wage? how long can be they in the United States once they are no longer able to find a job and what will they resorted to in order to support their families?  new initiative signals, severity, the Government is committed to the United States employers and illegal employment.

Immigration reform will undoubtedly feel disappointed, they may want to look first for illegal workers with a temporary status, and then they continue to employ. , I think that despite the internal combustion engine initiative audit risk, there will be some continue to employers of illegal workers. Although they will undoubtedly be the concern of the majority of the business audit of the internal combustion engine will leave some employers willing to take the risk.

There are some business owners are obviously not able to work in the United States workers. In this way some owners will be faced with the decision to employ illegal workers in these positions, even in the face of a potential ICE audit. , Obama has been reaffirmed and internal combustion engine initiative is the employment of illegal labor is illegal and is no longer ignored. If they catch you, there will be consequences.

This initiative seems to be a smart move, the Government’s overall strategy for immigrants; the problem is, it will be a meaningful impact on the eradication of illegal employment.  provided the above information is for informational purposes only. Information should not be construed as legal advice, and does not constitute the Szabo,


Immigration Law Changes to Numerous Climbed


Premiers entanglements imposed never been on the Foreigners Act Immigration and Naturalization INS 1952, as he was known, a body was that was Is Le Devoir to sense the laws of the Federal Immigration. Since the attacks on the World Trade Center, I replaced Was this agency by the Department of Homeland Security.

Under the heading of National Security Organizations Three Who are working hand in hand Make pay strict application of the Laws, Now more. The US Immigration and Customs Enforcement; U. S. Customs and border security; and the US Citizenship and Immigration. They are the driving force of national security.

There are two ways to a person may become a US citizen. The Prime Minister is the birth and the second pair is naturalization. A can be no stranger age under 18; UN be US resident green card with June; and they Ont Residence of at least five years before his naturalization.


In CAS where them to a foreign parent who is a US citizen abroad when the UN or goes with a citizen of the United States, Ce rapport US may ask for the function of citizenship in their relationship. Immigration services and citizenship of the United States will be the body who decides the decision. If by chance the request must be filed appeals rejected a can be. If the call is a second time disallowed, then abroad, you have the right to take their appeal to the district court.

The events of 9/11 the Patriot Act Saw est devenu law. The initial reason for the promulgation of this decision was protect against terrorists. Yet this had great impact on the UN the right to immigration of so. The security forces are now able to do a complete search of telephone, financial medical records and all computers what correspondence. This law allows any foreigner can be detained if there is belief parcel a part of UN police whether a terrorist. CES interviewed resolutions were, remain but the date on the implementation date.

The patriot act and other laws were adoptees 9/11 since who had a dramatic effect on the immigrant population. The laws are complicated and obtaining a UN fiance visa is difficult, due to the Regulatory Requirements and Other return to fill. we suggest of immigration lawyer maintenance is in your best interest.


Terms of Use


You must read and agree to these terms and conditions before you may access or view our sites. Please read them carefully.  This Agreement is subject to change at any time, and changes are effective upon posting. Bookmark this page and check it frequently as it is up to you to refer to this page for any amendments/changes to the original Agreement.


1. Eligibility:


Membership in the service is void where prohibited. By using and/or viewing this site, you represent and warrant that you have the right, authority, and capacity to enter into this Agreement and to abide by all of its terms and conditions and that you are at least 18-years old. (21-years old in AL, MS, NE, WY, and any other location where 18 is not the age of majority).


2. Non-Commercial Use by Members/Viewers:


The  site is for the personal use and viewers only and may not be used in connection with any commercial endeavors. Organizations, companies, and/or businesses may not become members and should not use the service or site for any purpose. Illegal and/or unauthorized uses of the site, including unauthorized framing of or linking to the site or the sending of unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail will be investigated, and appropriate legal action will be taken, including without limitation, civil, criminal, and injunctive redress. In order to prevent the sending of unsolicited email to its members,  may take reasonable steps, including the limiting of the numbers of emails sent by a member.


3. Proprietary Rights of Content on IMMIGRATIONLAWATTORNEYS.INFO:

The site contains the copyrighted material, trademarks, and other proprietary information , and its licencors. Except for that information which is in the public domain or for which you have been given permission, you may not copy, modify, publish, transmit, distribute, perform, display, or sell any such proprietary information.


4. Content Posted on the Site:

A) Claims immunity from liability to the fullest extent under the law and as provided under the Communications Decency Act for Content provided by third parties and members and nothing in this Agreement is intended to waive, remove, or usurp such immunity.

You understand and agree that  may delete any content, messages, photos or profiles (collectively, “Content”) that in the sole judgment. violates the Terms of Use or which might be offensive, illegal, or that might violate the rights, harm, or threaten the safety  and/or its members.

B) You are solely responsible for the content that you publish or display (hereinafter, “post”) or transmit to other members.

C) By posting content to any public area you automatically grant, and you represent and warrant that you have the right to grant and its members, an irrevocable, perpetual, non-exclusive, fully-paid, worldwide license to use, copy, perform, display, and distribute such information, rights of publicity, and content and to prepare derivative works of, or incorporate into other works and other media, such information and content, and to grant and authorize sub licenses of the foregoing.

D) The following is a partial list of the kind of content that is illegal or prohibited on the site. Will investigate and take appropriate legal action in its sole discretion against anyone who violates this provision, including without limitation, removing the offending communication from the service and terminating the membership of such violators.

It includes content that:

is patently offensive to the online community, such as content that promotes racism, bigotry, hatred or physical harm of any kind against any group or individual; harasses or advocates harassment of another person or invades their privacy; involves the transmission of “junk mail”, “chain letters,” or unsolicited mass mailing or “spamming”; promotes information that you know is false, misleading or promotes illegal activities or conduct that is abusive, threatening, obscene, defamatory or libelous; promotes an illegal or unauthorized copy of another person’s copyrighted work, such as providing pirated computer programs or links to them, providing information to circumvent manufacture-installed copy-protect devices, or providing pirated music or links to pirated music files; contains restricted or password only access pages, or hidden pages or images (those not linked to or from another accessible page); displays pornographic or sexually explicit material of any kind; provides material that exploits people under the age of 18 in a sexual or violent manner, or solicits personal information from anyone under 18; provides instructional information about illegal activities such as making or buying illegal weapons, violating someone’s privacy, or providing or creating computer viruses; solicits passwords or personal identifying information for commercial or unlawful purposes from other users; and engages in commercial activities and/or sales without our prior written consent such as contests, sweepstakes, barter, advertising, and pyramid schemes.

E) You must use the  service in a manner consistent with any and all applicable laws and regulations.

F) You agree that you will not use any robot, spider, other automatic device, or manual process to monitor or copy our web pages or the content contained herein without our prior expressed written permission. You agree that you will not use any device, software or routine to bypass or to interfere or attempt to interfere with the proper working of the Site. You agree that you will not take any action that imposes an unreasonable or disproportionately large load on our infrastructure. Much of the information on our site is updated on a real time basis and is proprietary or is licensed to by our users or third parties.

G) You may not engage in advertising to, or solicitation of, other members to buy or sell any products or services through the service. You will not transmit any chain letters or junk email to other members. Although IMMIGRATIONLAWATTORNEYS.INFO. cannot monitor the conduct of its members off the  site, it is also a violation of these rules to use any information obtained from the service in order to harass, abuse, or harm another person, or in order to contact, advertise to, solicit, or sell to any member without their prior explicit consent.


5. Copyright Policy/DMCA Notice:

You may not post, distribute, or reproduce in any way any copyrighted material, trademarks, or other proprietary information without obtaining the prior written consent of the owner of such proprietary rights or otherwise have a valid basis under the law, including “fair use”.

Without limiting the foregoing, if you believe that your work has been copied and posted on the service in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, please provide our Copyright Agent with the following information consistent with the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA): an electronic or physical signature of the person authorized to act on behalf of the owner of the copyright interest; a description of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed; a description of where the material that you claim is infringing is located on the our site including the URLs of web pages and/or hyperlinks; your address, telephone number, and email address; a written statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law; a statement by you, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information in your Notice is accurate and that you are the copyright owner or authorized to act on the copyright owner’s behalf. Copyright Agent for Notice of claims of copyright infringement can be reached as follows:


It is the intention to fully comply with the DMCA, including the Notice and “take down” provisions and to benefit from the safe harbors immunizing it from liability to the fullest extent provided by law, and to the extent the Notice and “take down” requirements above deviate from the requirements under the DMCA then the Notice requirements as provided by the DMCA shall control and are herein incorporated by reference.

6. Member Disputes:

Info does not control the information provided by other users that are made available through our system. You may find other user’s information to be offensive, harmful, inaccurate, or deceptive. Please use caution, common sense, and safety when using our site.

You are solely responsible for your interactions with other members. Because it is not involved in member interactions, in the event that you have a dispute with one or more members or those who have posted, viewed, or used information on the  site, you release including its officers, directors, agents, subsidiaries and employees, from claims, demands and damages (actual and consequential) of every kind and nature, known and unknown, suspected and unsuspected, disclosed and undisclosed, arising out of or in any way connected with such disputes.

If you are a California resident, you waive California Civil Code § 1542, which says: “A general release does not extend to claims which the creditor does not knw or suspect to exist in his favor at the time of executing the release, which if known by him must have materially affected his settlement with the debtor.” reserves the right, but has no obligation, to monitor disputes between you and other members.

7. Privacy:

Use of the  site and/or its service is governed by our Privacy Policy, which may change from time to time upon electronic notice to you.


8. Disclaimers:

Including its officers, directors, agents, subsidiaries and employees is not responsible for any incorrect or inaccurate content posted on the site or in connection with the immigration INFO service, whether caused by users, members or by any of the equipment or programming associated with or utilized in the service, nor for the conduct of any user and/or member of the service whether online or offline assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, delay in operation or transmission, communications line failure, theft or destruction or unauthorized access to, or alteration of, user and/or member communications.

The site is not responsible for any problems or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer on-line-systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of email or players on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any website or combination thereof, including injury or damage to users and/or members or to any other person’s computer related to or resulting from participating or downloading materials in connection with the  site and/or in connection with the service. Under no circumstances be responsible for any loss or damage resulting from anyone’s use of the site or the service and/or any content posted on the site or transmitted to Members.

The site and the service are provided “AS-IS” and expressly disclaims any warranty of fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. IMMIGRATIONLAWATTORNEYS.INFO. cannot guarantee and does not promise any specific results from use of the site and/or the  service.

9. Limitation on Liability:

Except in jurisdictions where such provisions are restricted (and in that event liability is disclaimed to the fullest extent permitted by law), in no event will  be liable to you or any third person for any indirect, consequential, exemplary, incidental, special or punitive damages, including also lost profits arising from your use of the site or the service, even has been advised of the possibility of such damages. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, liability to you for any cause whatsoever, and regardless of the form of the action, will at all times be limited to the amount paid, if any, by you to  the service during the term of membership.


10. U.S. Export Controls:

Software from this site is further subject to United States export controls. No software from this site may be downloaded or otherwise exported or re-exported (i) into (or to a national or resident of) Cuba, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Iran, Syria, or any other country to which the U.S. has embargoed goods; or (ii) to anyone on the U.S. Treasury Department’s list of Specially Designated Nationals or the U.S. Commerce Department’s Table of Deny Orders. By downloading or using the Software, you represent and warrant that you are not located in, under the control of, or a national or resident of any such country or on any such list.


11. Arbitration of Disputes:

Any and all disputes arising out of these Terms of Use and/or your relationship with ,shall be submitted to the binding arbitration according to the rules of the American Arbitration Association. The party to the arbitration shall evenly divide any and all costs of the arbitration. Neither party shall be entitled to attorney fees. The arbitration shall take place exclusively in King County, Washington and shall be governed by Washington law without regard to its conflict of law provisions.

12. Indemnity:

You agree to indemnify and hold  its subsidiaries, affiliates, officers, agents, and other partners and employees, harmless from any loss, liability, claim, or demand, including reasonable attorney’s fees, made by any third party due to or arising out of your use of the service in violation of this Agreement and/or arising from a breach of these Terms of Use and/or any breach of your representations and warranties set forth above.



The Ultimate Guide To Ending Your IRS Problems


New York tax attorney Charles Rosselli says that “his primary goal is to provide individuals and businesses with the correct educational information that will allow them to make the best informed decision to resolve their IRS tax problems.

He wrote the book, The Ultimate Guide To Ending Your IRS Problems(including a special report on tax resolution scam firms: Buyer Beware!), because he is disgusted with unethical tax resolution scam firms taking advantage of someone with an IRS tax problem before armed with this valuable information.”

The IRS is just waiting for you to make a mistake before you have a chance to read the information in this book. Further, many tax resolution firms don’t want to you have this information before calling them since the book exposes the honest truth.  

You are not required to hire us because you ordered our free book. We promise we will not share your information with anyone and we will not bother you about your  tax problem. We also promise that you’ll greatly benefit from the information in this book and that you’ll be able to make a more informed decision.  Here is some more help about your particular problem.

My IRS Problem Is:

The IRS has filed a federal tax lien against me or my business.
The IRS is garnishing my wages.
The IRS informed me that they are going to seize my assets.
My bank account has been levied by the IRS
My business owes payroll taxes
The IRS has contacted my customers or clients
I haven’t filed my tax returns for a number of years
I can’t find my financial records
I can only afford to pay the IRS a small amount on a monthly basis

The IRS has levied my 401(k), IRA, pension, and/or Social Security.
My spouse or ex-spouse has tax problems
I received an audit notice from the IRS
When you have a tax problem with the IRS, you have a potentially serious legal problem.

Further, the IRS is stepping up their collection efforts. To make matters worse, tax resolution scam mills, are taking advantage of unsuspecting individuals with tax problems.

Who do you trust?

At the tax law firm of Charles Rosselli, our goal is to help individuals and businesses solve their tax problems.Although our law firm is based in New York, we are licensed to represent individuals and businesses before the IRS in all 50 states.

When you work with my firm, you work with me.You will receive the personalized attention and advice necessary to achieve results.Because we focus exclusively in this area of law, we offer the resources and knowledge necessary in representing our clients.

Our law firm will be the first to tell you that dealing with the IRS is not easy. The foundation of an attorney-client relationship is honesty. Despite the complexities of dealing with the IRS, Charles Rosselli knows that the sleepless nights and anxiety of dealing with the IRS is not easy either.Therefore, it is our goal is to craft a workable solution for you to your IRS problem.

We’ve designed this website to help educate you on the challenges that you face with your IRS problem. If after reading through our site, you feel that you do not want to fight the IRS alone and that you are ready to put an end to your IRS problems, contact us for a free consultation.We will listen to you and give you our honest advice.

Skilled Legal Representation for Your Tax Law Issues

Skilled Legal Representation for Your Tax Law Issues Are you involved in a tax controversy with the IRS?

As a consultant, now is the time to make informed decisions because your career and reputation are both on the line. At Goldman Gantenbein, LLC, their team of tax attorneys is dedicated to protecting the integrity of accounting professionals such as yourself.

When you work with this Colorado firm, they will be able to advise in every area of practice and defend against any tax issue that you may be facing. If the IRS is questioning your business ethics or accusing you of malpractice, their lawyers can effectively protect you in any state licensing dispute or American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) matter.

If you have been informed by the IRS that you are subject to a tax audit, the tax lawyers at the firm understand how stressed and anxious you may feel. It is vital to ensure that your case is treated fairly and handled per the tax laws that are involved. At the firm, they have successfully counseled businesses, taxpayers and accountants alike with their legal problems and they are able to answer any questions that you might have.

How a Colorado Tax Lawyer can Help You

The Colorado tax attorneys at the firm are intimately familiar with accountant liability and they know what the IRS will be looking for during their investigation. Don’t take the risk of dealing with the IRS on your own, their legal team provides competent and meticulous legal counsel that you can trust when it comes to matters of tax law. Goldman Gantenbein, LLC has represented tax payers and accountants in hundreds of cases and has obtained excellent results.

If your accounting business is being  investigated by the IRS, you need high-quality legal representation to help protect your reputation and relieve you of undue stress. Whether your tax issue is on a state or federal level, the tax attorneys at the firm are capable to handle even the most austere cases. Call today to learn how they can help you!